By Jennifer Kim
Nobody’s ever said that diversity and inclusion work is easy. But having grown a team that became known for its diverse workforce (a rare distinction, especially in Silicon Valley), I can let everyone in on a secret: It’s not rocket science, either.
The key is starting. And the earlier the better — the longer you wait to build a diverse workforce and inclusive culture, the harder it will be in the future.
Perfection isn’t the goal. It’s better to take your first steps toward prioritizing this type of work — even if you don’t have the exact “plan” or resources in place — than to lose any more time *not* making your company the kind of workplace anyone can be proud of. We’re all building our organizational muscles, and we start from where we are.
There are countless ways you can invest in diversity and inclusion (D&I), and below are over 50 to help inspiration flow. Understandably, every team worries about headcount, budget, and bandwidth, but diversity and inclusion should—and more importantly, can—be a priority in resource-strapped companies.
Impactful D&I will always require a balance of bold initiatives AND sweating the details. But we tend to only hear about the big ones — in the press, in blog posts, and from friends — and not so much about the day-to-day work. So instead of seeing D&I as “all or nothing,” you can build momentum by starting with the smaller initiatives from the list below.
So much of what it takes to cultivate a diverse and inclusive workplace is about approaching tasks every company has to do anyway, but in a much more thoughtful and deliberate way.
Let’s get started:
Convert all job descriptions to gender-neutral language. Audit all of your job descriptions to check for any use of ‘he/his/him’ as a default and convert them to gender-neutral pronouns like ‘he or she’ or ‘they’. Text.iois a fantastic platform for this, as well as this quick app you can copy-paste your job descriptions into.
State your commitment to building a diverse and inclusive culture in your job descriptions and careers page. One simple sentence can send a strong message to your applicants.
Write results-based job descriptions. Studies have found, men apply for a job when they meet only 60 percent of the qualifications, but women will only apply when they meet 100 percent of them. Instead of being based on a checklist of skills that may weed great female and minority candidates out, job descriptions should ideally focus on what a candidate will be expected to achieve, say, a month, six months, and a year into the job. Here are some examplesyou’re welcome to adapt.
Conduct blind screenings to minimize unconscious biases in the resume review process. Studies have shown that people with stereotypically “ethnic” names need to send out more resumes before they get a callback, and that resumes with female names are rated lower than ones with male names when all other things on a resume are equal.
Ban “culture fit” as a reason for rejecting a candidate. When interviewers want to reject candidates for “culture fit” or a “gut feeling”, it’s an indication that unconscious bias is at play. Challenge your interviewers to articulate a more specific explanation — it’s a great way to uncover hidden biases and have open conversations about them (never punish or shame people).
Explicitly request a diverse range of referrals. Challenge your employees to think beyond the obvious — past their three best friends that may or may not be all from the same demographic. Emphasize that diversity requires deliberate effort, and it’s something all employees can help with — by making introductions to great people they know, even if they don’t fit the “traditional” profile. It only makes the team stronger in the long run. The Pinterest team has seen success with this adjustment in their referrals process and has blogged about it here.
Start a “Guys jar.” Take a page from the Bay Area startup npm’sbook, and implement a “Guys jar” for a friendly reminder against unnecessarily gendered language in the office. Whenever someone at npm accidentally genders something gender-neutral, they put a dollar in the jar. When they reach $50, they donate the money to a charity.
Invest in a structured interviewing process and training.This isn’t to say that you must stick to a strict script in your interviews — candidates often share important insights when conversations flow naturally — but structured interviews lead to higher-quality hires because they help reduce bias and “gut-feeling” hiring. By asking each candidate the same or a similar set of questions, you have a consistent “data set” to help boost objective decision-making. Structured interviews will allow your team to learn and improve your recruiting process faster, as well.
Ensure that underrepresented employees are included in your interviews. But don’t overload them either! As much as candidates want to meet with diverse faces in their potential coworkers, if your one female engineer is in every single interview panel, it’s not fair to her performance and sanity either.
Introduce diversity and inclusion early on in the employee’s cycle. In Lever’s onboarding session, we deliberately exclude any kind of “teaching,” like defining privilege, dropping a bunch of stats, or talking about the latest diversity and inclusion issues in tech, so that we don’t overwhelm. Instead, we communicate why Lever cares about D&I and explain how we define it. Find what works for you.
Check your bathroom stock. Just saying, if you have the budget for office beer, then you can definitely stock tampons in the bathrooms.
Use Alex to catch gendered language in team communications. Alex is an open source tool that you can install wherever you do text editing (like Chrome or Slack). It will catch potentially hurtful language and nicely remind individuals how they might rephrase.
Create a channel for D&I in your company’s communication tool. At Lever, we have a Slack channel called “inclusion” where employees share D&I articles and news. Make it present and establish a norm for talking actively about D&I in the workplace, and employees will follow!
Celebrate holidays and events for underrepresented minorities like Black History Month or Gay Pride Week. Why should Christmas get all the love?
Start a dish duty rotation. Have you ever noticed that it’s women who pick up a lot of the slack for “office chores”? At Lever, we started a rotating dish duty (two people every day) to make sure that everyone shares in the responsibility.
Related, give visible recognition when employees do go above and beyondto pick up extra duties. Contributing to your workplace isn’t just hitting sales goals or shipping product — it’s also doing your part to make your company a great place to work, and it deserves props too.
Allow flexible work hours. Show your employees you trust them to get their work done with the freedom to create their own work hours. People have all sorts of personal situations that may affect their ability to work a strict 9 to 5 (like picking up or dropping off children at school). Lack of flexibility makes lives of some employees unnecessarily difficult — and they may respond by leaving for a company that does, and we all want to retain our best talent.
Order a set of knowledge cards .It can be hard to know how to talk about D&I and bring awareness to your coworkers. The Society of Women’s Engineers partnered to create a set of knowledge cards designed to facilitate a discussion and prompt reflection around D&I.
Have coworkers take an Implicit Association Test to help them realize their own biases. Acknowledging that we all have biases and that is okay, is often a very important first step to deeper D&I conversations.
Check the temperature of your office.The temperature in most buildings default to what’s most comfortable for men. It’s entirely possible a subset of your employees can’t even be comfortable at work without constantly layering themselves in sweaters and jackets — how could we ignore that?
Check what reading materials you have in your lobby.If you’re going to provide magazines, try to make sure they’re relevant to your industry as opposed to clearly gendered options. Unless you’re in fashion, GQ probably doesn’t belong in your lobby.
Print inclusive bathroom signs.Lever’s bathroom doors have a sticker that says “For those who identify as” above the mens and womens signs.
Hang a posterdescribing how every employee can contribute to an inclusive workplace.
Establish a mother’s roomwhere nursing women have a private space for pumping breast milk. Not only is it the right thing to do, it is legally required depending on where your company is located. Here’sa guide to low-budget lactation rooms from Winnie.
Schedule team bonding activities during the day.When everything fun happens at 5:00, working parents and caregivers — and folks with different lifestyles in general — may not be able to participate.
Order swag in women’s sizesor from a non-gender binaryshirt company. Assuming unisex works for all is a subtle way to exclude.
Hold an international foods potluckas a way of highlighting different cultures present in your employee population and opening up organic discussion.
Take a fresh look at the visuals of your careers page. What demographics are represented in your photos? In your leadership bios? Candidates can interpret a non-diverse careers page as a sign of a non-inclusive workplace.
Bring in technology. There’s lots of emerging “D&I tech” that can provide potential help and solutions to challenges. As a place to start, check out: Textio(job descriptions) Interviewing.io (objective technical hiring), Compaas (fair compensation), and Allie (inclusion Slackbot).
Start blogging. Diversity attracts diversity, as so much of the talent pool is seeking a safe, inclusive place where they can do their best work. Ask your current employees from underrepresented groups to write about their experience at your company so prospective candidates have an authentic perspective. We’ve found huge success with our team blog Inside.Lever,which candidates consistently cite as one of the top reasons they chose to apply with us.
Invite a guest speaker from the D&I communityto speak at your company. Especially if you already have regular talks on technical topics, or on leadership — just set aside a couple of slots for D&I!
Share discussion points and an agenda prior to meetingsso more voices are heard. Some people like to talk through new information immediately, whereas others like to have time to process information. By presenting a problem on the spot, you’re less likely to receive the latter group’s contributions.
Try the Round Robin technique in meetings, where you ask every person in the room for a contribution to the discussion at hand. People can either share an idea, or pass.
Point out interruptions.Studiesshow that women are far more likely than men to be interrupted in meetings.
Establish a parental leave policy.Optimizely’s poston how they increased their parental leave policy from 6 to 17 weeks — along with the financial model they used to advocate the policy — is a helpful blueprint. Policies to support parents and caregivers can play a huge part in making a workplace more inclusive, not to mention more attractive to candidates. (For further reading, check out this Inclusion At Work article.)
Aim for as close to a no-negotiation compensation policy as you can get.Studies show that men negotiate more oftenthan women, and when women do negotiate, they can actually be punished for it. If no negotiation isn’t realistic, consider narrow bands for each role.
Hold office hours. In accordance with your HR/People team’s bandwidth, hold recurring office hours and welcome input around D&I.
Sponsor an event.Get other companies together to talk about D&I, and share what’s working and what isn’t working. Turns out all you need is something to drink and somewhere to sit for ideas to flow.
Sponsor organizations.If there are organizations doing the work that you would like to be doing or the work that you admire, offer to sponsor them. By sponsoring them you’re dedicating funds to their cause even if you don’t think you have the resources to help in any other way.
Partner with nonprofits and community organizations.Bonus points for supporting orgs that are aligned with your mission! Are you a food company? Reach out to soup kitchens or food banks and offer to support their fundraisers. Ed-tech? A variety of nonprofits offer tutoring and volunteer opportunities where your employees can share their skills. Keep in mind, too, that a local nonprofit might be in dire need of space in the evenings, of which your office may have plenty. You won’t know until you ask. Here’san example of Lever’s partnership with Juma, a nonprofit which serves underrepresented first-generation college students.
Include D&I in performance conversations.If you’re not tying D&I directly to individual goals, you can still touch upon hiring managers’ efforts, progress, and the expectations you have for them in performance conversations.
Provide Learning & Development workshopsfor adjacent skills like communication and empathy for employees. An inclusive workforce is an emotionally intelligentone.
Have every employee take a working styles testto help coworkers understand each other’s work and communication styles. Understanding ourselves leads to better understanding of others and the appreciation of differences. At Lever, we chose the Insights Discoverytest — every new hire takes the assessment and goes through a workshop with their results during onboarding.
Offer flexible PTO.Empower your employees to decide when the right time for them to take a break is. By giving them the option to take time when they need it, you’re inherently telling them that you trust their judgement.
Re-visit your office decorations.Make an effort to put up decorations, signage, or even company memories that promote the values you want your employees to feel or think. More inclusion, less Star Wars posters.
Approve budget for ergonomic workspaces.Everyone is different, so promote a healthy working environment by catering to individual needs in their workspaces.
Expand benefits coverage to domestic partners.Legality of same-sex marriage still varies state by state in the US, but if you have the power to expand your benefit offerings, your employees will appreciate the extra mile you go for them.
Host a book club.There’s so much great literature out there that can stimulate valuable conversation. Hosting a book club can be a way to get employees to open up and connect with each other. Here’s one exampleof a successful office book club. We’ve also done Between The World And Me by Ta-Nehisi Coates.
Host a movie night.A movie night is another way to stimulate meaningful conversation without the commitment of reading a full book. There are so many options to choose from!
Encourage your leaders to get involved in the dialogue.Executive buy-in is mission-critical for D&I efforts to succeed. Ask your execs to get involved through things like sharing articles, tweeting, and including D&I on the agenda in company-wide meetings so everyone feels encouraged. D&I candidates often feel discouraged inadvertently by silence from the top.
Above all else, listen to your employees.Invest in the things they care about.
Start small. Don’t let the immense scope of things that need to be done keep you from doing anything at all. Because you can talk about diversity and inclusion forever, but taking action is the only way to change anything.
If you liked this post, check out: “Intersectionality 101: Why “we’re focusing on women” doesn’t work for Diversity & Inclusion.” For even more tips and stories, I write a weekly advice column for startups that care about D&I.